Ethiopia stakeholders discuss Livestock CRP proposal

Blog post

As part of the development of a new CGIAR research program on Livestock, ILRI and partners held a face to face event with stakeholders and partners in Ethiopia ton 9 February 2016 o discuss, validate and improve elements of the draft proposal. The format was informal, with group discussion of questions following a general introductory presentation. The rough points and notes from the discussions are posted below.

Does the focus on smallholders make sense? Is anything crucial missing?

  • Fear that pastoralists could be excluded
  • Focus on smallholder more likely to generate employment than focus on large holders
  • Look at smallholders from a consumer perspective
  • Market aspect crucial
  • Environmental issues with smallholders – preservation of products
  • Definition of smallholders? Should consider many aspects, consider context – livelihood
  • The role of cooperatives and micro finance is crucial
  • Government priorities – Harmonization of the program
  • Link smallholders with private sectors / large scale farmers
  • Smallholders versus large scale farmers eg, dairy processing needs to be considered
  • Income generating activities for women in Ethiopia
  • Graduate smallholders to large scale system should be designed over the years
  • Some level of support medium/large attach weight – 80%
  • Livestock service delivery needs to be focused , develop model , should be context specific, pastor mixed
  • How to make smallholder market oriented should be areas of research

Does the organization of research for development priorities around trajectories of change miss anything?

  • Strong structure with externalities
  • Strong growth trajectories may start having externalities links needed (ex. Discard outbreaks)
  • Missed out urban poor (poor urban livestock systems)
  • More shouldn’t not only to have ruminants focus (don’t forget camels)
  • Trajectories couldn’t be looked out independently

What are the top issues driving research on enhanced resilience for livestock-based livelihoods

  • Improve adaptive capacity?
  • Need institutional arrangement
  • Improve proactive risk models and early warning systems
  • Markets, increase off – take
  • Linking different production systems
  • AH service delivery
  • Markets (temporal fluctuations)
  • Market problems (Camels + SR)
  • Commercially viable resilience strategies
    • Public private partnerships
  • Unpredictability , bio –physical , socio-economics

What are the top issues driving research on sustainable intensification of livestock-based systems?

  • Overlap strong growth + fragile growth trajectories (ex. Pastoralist system)
  • Role of livestock in x-systems?
  • Productivity is key
  • Adaptation environmental
  • Markets (temporal fluctuations)
  • Technologies (ex. Dairy) – Value chain development needs to have long term perspective
  • Environmental resources
  • Social systems
  • Biophysical intensification (surface + underground)
  • Economic activities

Are there any categories of partners missing?

  • Research
    • NARS, Regional Agricultural research institutes
    • CGIAR center, international research institutes
  • Development partners (including NGOs)
    • Ministries, Livestock +fish, environmental , water and Energy , customs revenue, ATA
    • FAO, Action AID, GIZ , USAID, Farm Africa, World Bank, APDB
    • Universities, local government
    • National and international facility of agriculture

What are key roles for the private sector for livestock? And public sector

  • Policy support (land allocation to youth)
  • Attaching + relating issue in Asia emerging issue in Africa
  • Private sectors
    • Seed industry, entrepreneurs , gender + youth
  • Current weakness
    • Financial situations
    • Market institutions
  • Opportunity
    • Export abattoirs
    • Meat quality, darkening, etc.
    • Link to enablers, ministries, agencies for support
  • Farmer associations
    • Crop see, fertilizers, livestock health, meat producers
    • Milk processor association (quality + adulteration)
    • Cooperative agencies
    • Microfinance
    • Feed processing
  • New ministry, partners are key to bring all together


Do we have the right ingredients for stepwise, transformative changes leading to sustainable, resilient livestock systems?

  • Transformation is beyond incremental changes
  • Address the issues for smallholders farmers holistically.
  • Considered
    • Income is only one component
    • Demand driven
    • Smallholder basics context specific – mixed pastoralist
    • Environmental issues
  • To be considered
    • How the whole effort is linked to market
    • Need to look into market requirement
    • Export market requirements
  • Focus added
    • Medium and large scale farmers especially for dairy?
    • Smallholders can still be competitive – right investment CSR & Dairy
    • The comprehensiveness did not come out clearly
    • What is the value added by the research?
    • How much do we depend on partners
  • Market did not come out clearly
  • What does the farmers do with the increased quantity of production?
  • Are the markets big and responsive enough
  • Livestock extension
    • Lack the packages
    • Human power
    • Crop focused
    • Well-designed packages
    • Capacity building

How best can we integrate capacity development, gender, and communications?

  • Capacity
    • Human + material – the emphasis is vital (research facilities)
    • The emphasis needs to be increased
  • Effectiveness of capacity development efforts
  • Need for community controlled processes linking capacity development and communication agenda
  • Clarity of the gender component
  • Integrating the gender component at the outset of planning
  • Gender
    • Capacity to undertake gender research
    • Capacity – human + material
  • Communications
    • Needs to be part and parcel of the TOC/IP
  • Using the information generated
  • Communication and gender
    • Preference elicitation and communication to and within the community
    • Communication shall be multi-dimensional

Notes by Tsehay Gashaw (ILRI, Ethiopia)