The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock (LIVESTOCK) provides research-based solutions to help smallholder farmers, pastoralists and agro-pastoralists transition to sustainable, resilient livelihoods and to productive enterprises that will help feed future generations.
It aims to increase the productivity and profitability of livestock agri-food systems in sustainable ways, making meat, milk and eggs more available and affordable across the developing world.
It brings together five core partners: the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) with a mandate on livestock; the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), which works on forages; the International Center for Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), which works on small ruminants and dryland systems; the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) with expertise particularly in animal health and genetics and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) which connects research into development and innovation and scaling processes.
The goal of LIVESTOCK is to create a well-nourished, equitable and environmentally healthy world through livestock research for development.
To do this, five interacting areas need addressing: the genetic potential of the animals kept, their nutrition, their health, their interaction with the environment, and a range of surrounding socio-economic conditions.
Based on these five areas, the program’s objectives are:
- Ensure that appropriate livestock breeds are readily available, affordable and widely used by poor women and men livestock keepers.
- Improve livestock health and health service delivery.
- Increase livestock nutrition by identifying, testing and delivering superior feed and forage strategies and options.
- Reduce the environmental footprint of livestock production across both rapid and fragile growth trajectories, while ensuring that livestock systems in target countries are able to adapt to global environmental changes.
- Maximize livestock-mediated livelihoods and resilience to risk among smallholder and pastoral producers and their communities, whilst enhancing availability and access to animal-source food for rural and urban consumers.
These objectives are addressed through five flagships:
- Livestock Genetics
- Livestock Health
- Livestock Feeds and Forages
- Livestock and the Environment
- Livestock Livelihoods and Agri-Food Systems
Research on gender, and on young people, features in each flagship with a strategic research agenda addressing issues of gender and social equity in the Livestock Livelihoods and Agri-Food Systems flagship. Capacity development, both capacity to undertake livestock research and to use research results is integral to the program’s theory of change, as are innovative approaches to communication.