LIVESTOCKCRP

The research agenda?

In summary, the performance of livestock systems is based on four fundamental interacting factors: the genetic potential of the animals being kept, their nutrition, their health, and the socio-economic environment, including the management capacity of the livestock keeper, the motivation for keeping livestock, the role of gender, market opportunities and services, and policies that shape related incentives.

Incremental improvements can be achieved through innovations in one of the four factors. Given the high degree of interaction between them, livestock development often requires a more integrated approach and stepwise changes in the production system, such as introducing genetically improved dairy animals while providing better nutrition and health care, as well as a market outlet for the increased milk produced.

More recently, these four fundamental production factors have been expanded in two ways. The first is to recognize as a fifth factor that performance of livestock systems is now threatened if the interaction with the environment is not addressed, both how the environment is affecting the livestock system or how the livestock system impacts the environment, both of which affect the sustainability of the system. The second extension, recognizes that the traditional ‘supply’ perspective needs to take account of the consumer demand side – how livestock systems can better serve food and nutritional security needs and contribute to livelihoods.

Drawing on this analysis, the program has identified 5 ‘flagship’ research areas to provide research-based solutions to drive the transition to sustainable, resilient livelihoods and diets for future generations. Three address productivity enhancing technology discovery and delivery strategies for animal health, animal genetics, and feeds and forages. One addresses integrative research on animal-source food systems and livestock-based livelihoods, and one addresses strategies to manage livestock interactions with the environment. Each also includes cross-cutting dimensions around gender, capacity development, communications, monitoring and evaluation and learning, and open access/open data.

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Questions

5. What are the most promising gains that we can expect for smallholders from animal health research discovery and delivery? How do we best achieve these?

6. What are the most promising gains that we can expect for smallholders from animal genetics research discovery and delivery? How do we best achieve these?

7. What are the most promising gains that we can expect for smallholders from animal feed and forages research discovery and delivery? How do we best achieve these?

8. What are the most promising livestock research solutions or interventions we need to discover – or deliver – to meet the world’s environmental challenges? How do we achieve these?

9. What are the most promising livestock research solutions or interventions we need to discover – or deliver – to provide more and better animal-source foods to the world’s poor? How do we achieve these?
 

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4 thoughts on “The research agenda?

  1. 5. What are the most promising gains that we can expect for smallholders from animal health research discovery and delivery? How do we best achieve these?

    Smallholders expect to limit the rates of animal mortality. For exemple the vaccine against Swine african fever should promote a good productivity of the pork. Vaccine of ticks born diseases can also enhence the productivity of the ruminants.

    6. What are the most promising gains that we can expect for smallholders from animal genetics research discovery and delivery? How do we best achieve these?

    The promized gains are the animal weight improved and reducing of reaing time. The macrosatellite methods can help to go quicky.

    7. What are the most promising gains that we can expect for smallholders from animal feed and forages research discovery and delivery? How do we best achieve these?

    The best way is to disseminate correctely those technologies available. Animal should eat a sufficient and qualitaive food to be able to exteriorize his genetic potential. Availabilty of animal feed depend with the country, region etc. There are many tools on feed assessment. The development of mecanization of agriculture can also help animal feed supply (crop residues, industry residues) . Chemical analyse of feed available will help to improve the feed quality.

    8. What are the most promising livestock research solutions or interventions we need to discover – or deliver – to meet the world’s environmental challenges? How do we achieve these?

    In developping country agriculture and livestock are the most causes of environment destruction. The best way is to intensify the livestock and crop systems and reduce as possible the traditionnal systems, to reduce the number of illeterates for a good dissemination or have a good collaboration with the gouvernment for policy management.

    9. What are the most promising livestock research solutions or interventions we need to discover – or deliver – to provide more and better animal-source foods to the world’s poor? How do we achieve these?

    It is how to reduce the rates of animal mortalities, to prevent epidemies mainly the emergent diseases. How to dissemination the good breeds and to ensure a dissemination of improved systems with the smllholder farmers.

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  2. It is a good document. I would like to plead for a real participatory approach (Participatory Innovation Development or PTD), working together with all relevant stakeholders but taking care the voice and interest of the smallholder livestock keepers does not get lost.

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  3. A comprehensive piece!
    My comments are general in terms of research agenda, and not particular to the Flagships, so I will share them here. There will be proming entry points for action in each Flagship, but they will all be context-specific. And should be treated as such. That means that a lot of the questions raised now under the Flagship on livestock livelihoods and agri-food systems could serve as entry point for better understanding the system, and the diversity and complexity around it. Research to better understanding the farming systems, livelihoods, value-chain, policy implications have clear implications to all other Flagships. In other words: breeding will benefit from better understanding of the caracteristics wanted and needed on certain animals, by certain farmers and markets; the trade-offs around livestock/agriculture/nature conservation; etc.
    And all Flagships should learn from feedback from different stakeholders working with the CRP, which is only mentioned in the Livelihoods and systems flagship. It is not clear how the different Flagships will function – how they will link to each other, feed into each other and learn. (Maybe it is just not written in this simplified version…!)

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  4. 5. What are the most promising gains that we can expect for smallholders from animal health research discovery and delivery? a) Unsure. How do we best achieve these?

    6. What are the most promising gains that we can expect for smallholders from animal genetics research discovery and delivery? a) breeding animals for higher productivity that are adapted to local conditions (both feed lot and extensive production) How do we best achieve these?

    7. What are the most promising gains that we can expect for smallholders from animal feed and forages research discovery and delivery? Greater investment in dual or multi-purpose crops. How do we best achieve these? Closer collaboration with AFS CRPs (e.g., MAIZE).

    8. What are the most promising livestock research solutions or interventions we need to discover – or deliver – to meet the world’s environmental challenges? How do we achieve these? a) Ensure that the Livestock CRP adopts a systems approach to research and development.

    9. What are the most promising livestock research solutions or interventions we need to discover – or deliver – to provide more and better animal-source foods to the world’s poor? How do we achieve these? Ensuring that appropriate innovations are accessible to small holder livestock producers and adopted by them.

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